Background Information, Links, Telephone Numbers
A resource for Minnesota media & citizens
Updated 5/18/2004

More than 1,200 members of the Anuak tribe of Ethiopia live in Minneapolis, St. Paul, and in southern Minnesota, having come as refugees to escape ethnic cleansing that has been been carried out against their tribe over the past two decades. Including children born in this country to Anuak parents, the number of Anuak in southern Minnesota is well over 2,000.

On December 13, 2003, in by far the largest single incident in the genocide of the Anuak, more than 400 Anuak were killed by uniformed soldiers of the Ethiopian Defense Force, according to dozens of eyewitnesses. The killings have continued until this day and have caused more than 10,000 Anuak refugees to flee across the Ethiopia-Sudan border to the area near Pocalla, Sudan, where there is presently a humanitarian emergency due to low food and medical supplies.

On January 8, Genocide Watch, the widely-respected international NGO, put the Anuak massacre on their emergency list of ongoing genocides in the world. "The situation reminds me of Rwanda in 1993, when all the early warning signs were evident but no one paid attention," Dr. Gregory Stanton, president of Genocide Watch, has written.

The Minnesota media is an early warning system for this African genocide.

The December 13 massacre and subsequent killings have thrown the Anuak diaspora community in Minnesota into feverish work to help their suffering relatives at home. Meetings with the staffs of State senators and representatives are planned; a rally was held on the steps of the capitol on December 18; and efforts are being made to raise emergency relief funds and send aid workers to Pocalla.

The McGill Report Coverage
Genocide of Anuak Widens to Women, Children, Small Villages
An Interview With Ethiopia's Minister of Genocide
Why Ethiopia Gets a Free Pass on Ethnic Cleansing
"They Killed You Like a Dog" -- An Anuak Survivor's Story (5/17/2004)
On a Bloody Saturday, Ethiopia Chose Genocide (1/2/2004)
Minnesota Anuak Refugees Fear 400 Dead in Ethiopia Massacre
The Minnesota Anuak: A Lost Africa Tribe of the American Midwest (1/14/2003)
The Anuak Genocide -- Background
Amid Ethiopia's Strife, a Bathing Spot and Peace (The New York Times, 6/11/04)
Ethiopia's Prime Minster Calls Reports of Anuak Massacres "Fiction"
(CNN, 4/29/04)
Genocide Watch: The Anuak of Ethiopia
(1/8/2004, Genocide Watch)
The Killing of a People -- The Gambella Case
(12/31/2003, Ethiomedia)
Systematic Killing and Genocide by the Ethiopian Government (12/30/2003, Ethiomedia)
Oil Development in Ethiopia: A Threat to the Anuak of Ethiopia (10/31/2001, Cultural Survival)
Anuak Displacement and Ethiopian Resettlement (12/31/1988, Cultural Survival)
Resettlement and Villagization: Tools of Militarization in SW Ethiopia (12/31/1987, Cultural Survival)
Ethiopia's Policy of Genocide Against the Anuak of Gambella (9/30/1986, Cultural Survival)
The Anuak: A Threatened Culture (6/30/1984, Cultural Survival)
Ethiopian Women Agonize About Massacre Back Home (1/3/2004, The Spokesman-Review)
Pogrom in Gambella Still Underway (12/31/2003, Ethiomedia)

Letters and Documents
Letter from Sen. Norm Coleman to U.S. Ambassador to Ethiopia (4/30/2004)
List of Anuak Dead and In Prison    (1/18/2004)
An Appeal to the International Community
(Obang Warajang, 12/18/2003)
Gambella People of USA Press Release on Dec. 13 Massacre
Letter to UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan (12/18/2003)
Letter to U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell
Letter to Sen. Coleman, Sen. Dayton, Rep. Gutknecht
Background Paper to Sen. Coleman, Sen. Dayton, Rep. Gutknecht (1/13/2004)
Alert Memo to December 13 Massacre (includes early list of dead) (12/16/2003)
Early Report of the December 13 Massacre (12/16/2003)

   Omot Ochan (Relief fundraising)
St. Paul, Minnesota
   c: 612-408-8145
   h: 651-686-5854

   Jim Struck (Relief fundraising)
 c/o Christ Lutheran Church
   1930 Diffley Road
   Eagan, MN 55122

   Obang Jobi
  Secretary, Anuak Community Association of North America (ACANA)
   St. Paul, MN

   Obang Metho
Director, Gambella Development Agency
   Saskatchewan, Canada
   (306) 933-4346
   (306) 955-7549

   Omot Nyigwo
 Mankato, Minnesota

   Ojulu Odola
Sydney, Australia
   61 2 9631 3629

   LeRoy G. Christoffels
   Pastor, Worthington Christian Reformed Church (many Anuak parishioners)
   Worthington, MN
   o: 507-372-2811
   h: 507-376-4092

   Ujulu Goch
   Washington, DC
   (202) 431-0839


Copyright @ 2004 The McGill Report